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Saturday, April 12, 2014

Knows Your Soil Before Plant; These Soils Type

For you farmers around the world , it's time we go back to the organic fertilizers because we know that chemical fertilizers destroys the soil . Time for Organic Revolution rolled .
Organic fertilizer which we will apply to have characters that can make fertile ground for increased nutrient content in the complete organic fertilizer is presented , while organic fertilizers are also a variety of abortion there is an element of macro and micro elements which are needed crops .
The second advantage of organic fertilizers improves soil structure , because organic fertilizers enrich the nutrient content in the soil , making the soil barren land into fertile
The third advantage is the organic fertilizer improves the cation exchange capacity . Cation exchange capacity is the ability of the soil to improve the interaction between the ions present in the soil . Soil that has a high cation capacity are better able to provide plant nutrients than soil with low ion capacity . High content of organic matter will improve the soil cation exchange capacity
The fourth advantage is to increase the shelf life of water . Structure of compost is to absorb water ( hygroscopic ) . The water that comes stored in the pores and removed when the plants need it through the roots . The presence of water retaining soil moisture so that the plants can be protected from drought .
Excellence is the fifth increase soil biological activity . Decomposer of organic fertilizer containing microorganisms therein . These microorganisms will increase the microorganisms contained in the soil . Because of its moisture, soil temperature to be ideal for growing and developing the soil biota . The soil biota activity which resulted in a number of essential nutrients that can be absorbed by plants effectively .

Know before you plant your land, because by knowing the type of land then you will know the advantages and disadvantages of your land, what treatment needs to be done.

Know before you plant your land, because by knowing the type of land then you will know the advantages and disadvantages of your land, what treatment needs to be done.
The following are the types of soil that you need to know before you plant :
1. On soil that contains clay (clay).
This type of soil contains a lot of food but unfortunately can not be eaten by the plant due to lack of oxygen (O2). To mitigate that is to strive for available O2. The trick is to provide: compost, manure, charcoal, or other organic material to the soil becomes loose.
On sandy soil or soil that contains a lot of sand.
This soil type is difficult to bind water, dry quickly and miserable. As for how to overcome this soil is to add organic matter such as manure, green leaf manure organic perishables coupled with animal feces, soil and water in the ratio 1: 1: 1: 1, store in the drum and let stand for 3 weeks.3. At soil contains lime.
This soil type has high acidity, erosive, micro food less available (eg, iron, zinc, copper). To overcome this soil type is to provide compost, and green foliage leaves especially when the flowering plant species of butterflies such as nuts, Venus, etc.. And to lower the acidity level is done by providing fertilizers containing sulfur.
4. Soils are acidic.
Signs of acidic soil in the fields when the yellow color of rusty water, when on the ground like overgrown weeds, when planted with corn and yellow corn fruit when planted peanuts no pithy fruit. If find this soil acidity (pH) ranged between 3-5. Thus pH should be adjusted beforehand in accordance with the wishes of the plant. To address the issue of land as there are many ways including:
a. Dried soil.
Soil hoed, plowed. Land in the form of chunks left bronzed by the sun for 2 weeks.
b. Given husk.
Sprinkled soil dug up next husk charcoal mixed with soil.

c. Fixing of air in the soil.
Soil treated then ditches to avoid puddles and on peat soil is made lengthwise with a distance of 25 m to occur and the acid leaching flow.
d. Adding organic fertilizer.
By adding organic fertilizer derived from animal waste that much, then the pH of the soil will gradually fade up or in other words, the acidity decreases gradually.
e. Calcification.
To reduce the level of acidity or pH can increase agricultural lime sprinkled on the ground that has been dug and then dug then stirred with soil, when it is mixed with ground agricultural lime water can also flush with rainwater premises, allow 10 to 15 days, newly planted. To increase the amount of lime can be done by the following calculation: If we know the soil pH 4.5. Soil pH we want 6.5, then 6.5 - 4.5 = 2.0 then the provision of agricultural lime 6.8 tons / ha. Further addition can be done again after 3-5 years.

Happy acquaintance with the land

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Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Rahasia Budidaya Lele-Pembenihan (lanjutan)

Seperti yang saya janjikan pada artikel sebelumnya tentang Rahasia Budidaya Lele-Pembenihan, kali ini saya akan memaparkan lebih lanjut tentang pembenihan lele.
Pembenihan lele mempunyai tujuan untuk menyiapkan lele yang unggul. Unggul yang dimaksudkan disini sama seperti pembudidaya lele harapkan adalah cepat besar, tahan penyakit. Sehingga dalam waktu yang singkat didapatkan benih untuk pendederan dengan kematian yang minimal.
Untuk mendapatkan benih yang unggul kita harus memiliki induk yang unggul pula, jelas keturunannya (genetikanya) dari indukan lele yang telah lolos uji sertifikasi pemerintah (Cara Pembenihan Ikan yang Baik, CPIB). Bila kita telah mempunyai induk yang unggul, maka persyaratan unggul yang kedua adalah kualitas air yang unggul pula, kualitas air tersebut meliputi kadar oksigen, kadar amoniak, kadar CO2, kecerahan air.Pada pembenihan lele, yang perlu diperhatikan khusus adalah kadar amoniak karena kebanyakan pembudidaya benih lele, menggunakan pakan buatan, sedangkan banyak yang tidak termakan dan akhirnya mengendap dan meningkatkan kadar amoniak beracun yang berbahaya bagi benih lele.
Persyaratan unggul yang ketiga adalah pakan. karena makananlah yang membuat ikan tumbuh dan berkembang. Akan tetapi, pakan yang tak termakan ini justru akan menjadi racun yang dihindari dalam kolam budidaya. Karena itulah, seperti yang saya singgung dalam artikel Rahasia Budidaya Lele-Pembenihan sebelumnya, saya menyarankan penggunaan pakan alami bukan pakan buatan. beberapa keunggulannya yaitu secara bau, warna, rasa dan geraknya pakan alami merupakan perangsang alami nafsu makan dari benih lele, bila kita mengesampingkan nafsu makan karena pada dasarnya lele ikan yang rakus, maka pakan yang tidak termakan ini tetap hidup bahkan mendaur ulang feces / kotoran dari lele, sehingga kualitas air di dalam kolam pemeliharaan terjaga. Lele mempunyai kantong telur cadangan makanan yang habis 1-3 hari (bahkan benih lele umur 4 hari pun laku), mulai hari 3-4 benih lele bisa diberi pakan. Syarat unggul yang keempat adalah sortir, hal ini dilakukan agar terjadi keseragaman dalam ukuran sehingga aksi kanibalisme dapat dikurangi, biasanya sortir dilakukan pada waktu 3 minggu (ukuran 2-3 cm), dan 6 minggu (ukuran 3-4 cm, siap didederkan). Jadi pakan alami apa sajakah yang bisa digunakan? akan saya sampaikan pada artikel berikutnya

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Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Rahasia Budidaya Lele-Pembenihan

Sampai dengan sekarang ini, budidaya lele merupakan salah satu usaha yang digandrungi oleh para pembudidaya di Indonesia, khususnya Jawa dan Sumatra. Mengapa demikian ? Ikan lele merupakan salah satu menu wajib yang disuguhkan pada warung-warung Padang, warung-warung Lamongan, warung-warung Tegal, serta warung-warung lain yang bertebaran di kota-kota besar. 
Sehingga ketersediaannya akan selalu dibutuhkan tiap hari, ingat tiap hari Jakarta saja membutuhkan 80 ton (sumber), Yogyakarta butuh 12 Ton (sumber), Semarang 4-5 ton (sumber), Banda Aceh 1 ton perhaari (sumber). Sedangkan lele dari pemijahan sampai dengan ukuran panen memerlukan waktu 4-6 bulan. Semakin banyak mulut, maka akan semakin banyak kebutuhan makan. Sehingga bisa anda bayangkan bagaimana prospek budidaya lele ini.
Tiga Fase Budidaya Ikan lele ini ada 3 yaitu Pembenihan, Pendederan, Pembesaran.
Pada Artikel saya saat ini maka yang pertama kali saya bahas adalah Pemijahan.
Pemijahan ikan lele meliputi pemijahan alami, pemijahan semi buatan, dan pemijahan buatan.
Rahasia untuk pembenihan Ikan Lele adalah Ketersediaan Pakan Alaminya.

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Monday, March 10, 2014

Morfologi Silk Worm (Tubifex Sp)

silk worms or tubifex in taxonomy classified as nematodes. called as the silk worms because these worms have a body that is soft and very soft just like silk. silk worms, hair worms or blood worms are small-sized worms with long reddish colored hair 1-3 cm, with a maroon body with segments. These worms live in colonies forming clear waters rich in organic matter.
This worm is one of the benthos that live at the bottom of freshwater tropical and sub-tropical regions. bottom waters are favored as his place was muddy and contain organic material, which has as its main food decomposes and settles in the bottom waters.
Tubifex worms are small, sleek, rounded and consists of 30-60 segments. The worm's body is composed of two layers of longitudinal and circular muscles throughout the body. This species has a small gap digestive tract began mouth to the anus. in the substrate, its tail on the surface of the water and serves as a breathing apparatus that diffuses directly with air.
Each body part stocky abdomen and back and a forked end without hair. erythrocrourin containing blood pigment, one of the red blood pigment. The main food algae, diatoms and detritus from a wide variety of animals and plants a low level.
Oligochaeta tubifex worms have engaged with peristaltic contractions. Circular muscle contraction and elongation of the body segments is the most important thing in slow in movement and always generates pressure of body fluids. longitudinal muscle contraction is very important in exploring, expanding excavation or attach themselves to the walls of the excavated space

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